Hi, this is your prof from Indica Institutewith another lesson to help guide you with your cannabis home grow.
Visit me at Indica Institute or my YouTubechannel for cannabis related courses, lessons, tips, recommendations and all your cannabiseducation needs.
I hope you like this lesson, and please commentwith any requests for future videos.
Hi and welcome to my tips and tricks guideon how to grow cannabis outdoors.
The objective of this lesson is to learn whatto think about before and during the growth of your cannabis plants outdoors, such astemperature, light, garden location, strain, soil, fertilizer, containers, water and protection.
This video is a complementary video to my10 part series “How To Grow Cannabis Indoors”, a link to which can be found in the descriptionbelow.
For a basic step by step guide to growingfrom germination to harvest, watch my 10 part series first – then finish off your learningby adjusting the components I cover in this video for a successful outdoor grow.
All links mentioned in this video can be foundin the video description, along with a link to Indica Institute where you can find a growinglist of cannabis related courses and recommendations for your grow.
Firstly, unless you are considering growingan autoflowering strain, you will need to plant your seeds in spring for the best results.
Keep your seedlings inside for the first 3-4weeks before you bring them outside to transplant or keep overnight.
This is because seedlings are more susceptibleto cold, humidity and pests when they are young, so keeping them inside will help yourplants grow without added complications or the threat of death.
As your plants grow through the vegetativestage, keep an eye out for males and deal with them accordingly.
As far as temperature ranges, cannabis plantsgrow optimally between the temperatures of 30 and 12 degrees celsius, or 85 and 55 degreesFahrenheit.
Anything above or below these temperaturesand you run the risk of damaging your plant.
A day above or below this range is okay, buttoo many days outside of this comfort zone and your plants could damage to the pointof a significant yield deficit, or it could even die.
For lighting, your plants will need at least4 to 6 hours of direct sunlight daily for the best results.
The more direct light it has, the more yourplant will thrive.
Keep in mind how much daylight you get whereyou live, as this could have serious effects on your plant and mess with its photoperiodicnature.
If fall has hit and your plants are stilldeep in the vegetative cycle this does not bode well for your results at harvest.
Consider that photoperiodic plants will requirea light switch to around 12-12 in order to activate the flowering stage of its life cycle.
Additionally, light pollution or leakage thatwould affect the night slumber of the plant can throw off the plants cycle as well.
A good resource to tap into for informationlike this would be neighbours who are growing vegetables and other photoperiodic plants, so you can get an idea of how they manage with the daylight patterns of your livingarea.
It’s worth noting that determining lightpatterns in your area will be irrelevant for those growers who plan to harvest autofloweringstrains.
It’s a great option for outdoor growersfor this reason, as it eliminates a major consideration, and also allows you to plantyour seeds at different points and seasons of the year without a negative impact on theplants or their yields.
Another big consideration for outdoor growersis whether to plant in containers, or in the ground.
There are benefits to both, though it dependson your preferences which you pick.
Planting directly in the ground allows yourplants to grow as freely as they desire, which results in large root structures, and thereforelarger plants as a result.
Additionally, plants that are rooted in theground have their roots naturally temperature controlled, while plants in pots run the riskof overheating if sitting in direct sunlight for too long.
Placing your plants in large pots on the otherhand, allows you to control what your plant grows in, makes your plants much more mobile, there is no digging is required, supplemental nutrients will be much more effective, andpots can be placed anywhere – on your deck, patio, or even indoors if a storm threatensto come in.
The ability to move your plants also meansyou can track the sun pattern in your backyard so your plants get the most direct daylightpossible.
One thing to keep in mind though is if youdecide to pot your plants, they will likely grow smaller than if they were planted inthe ground.
If you’re looking for larger plants, consider10 gallon pots – though the constraint of a smaller 5 or 7 gallon pot can be beneficialfor those trying to keep their grow a bit more stealthy.
The placement of your garden is critical toits growth and long-standing health.
This is especially the case if you decideto plant your seeds in the ground, as you then won’t be able to move them.
Keep track of the sun patterns throughoutthe day in your backyard, and make sure to choose a location for your plants that getsat least 4 to 6 hours of direct sunlight.
You should also choose a spot that gets abit of a breeze, but nothing too crazy that it could damage your plant.
For this reason you should consider placingyour plants near some sort of windbreak – natural or otherwise – such as bushes or a fence.
Placing your plant near a windbreak will alsohelp keep your grow safe from peering eyes or those considering dropping in to take yourplant around harvest time.
If this isn’t an option for you, there arecheap greenhouses with translucent walls available for purchase all over the internet.
If peering eyes or stranger danger is a threatto you, definitely consider heavy plant growth management through training.
Check out my series of videos on cannabisplant training for more on this.
A link to this series of videos can be foundin the video description below.
It’s important to consider what strain youwant to grow outside, as some strains do better in certain climates than others – due to inadequatelight, temperature conditions, aridity and more.
It’s for this reason that many young growerstend to choose autoflowering versions of their favourite strains – so there is one less variableto deal with.
Regardless of lighting conditions autofloweringplants will enter flowering mode automatically, and typically within a 3 month time period, or less.
This also means harvest comes faster and growersare less constrained by when they need to germinate their seeds.
While looking for strains to grow, also doyour research on strains that are specifically bred to grow outdoors.
These strains do exist, and they tend to easethe challenges many growers face when growing outdoors.
Another consideration many first time growersoverlook is the quality of their soil, and what could be living in it.
Depending on where you live, your soil couldnot be the greatest for cannabis plant growth.
This is not to say that it will not grow – cannabisis quite a resilient plant – it just means you may not be getting the best results interms of growth patterns, yield size, or even taste.
If you do plan to grow directly in the groundconsider looking into the soil composition, otherwise you run the risk of having to overcomenutrient deficiency, water drainage issues and other problems.
When planting directly in the ground dig ahole about 3 feet by 3 feet, and fill it with an amended version of soil so you give yourselfthe best chance of avoiding complications.
Consider planting in super soil as well, soyou don’t need to use nutrient supplements.
Check out my video on how to make super soilfor more on this topic.
Find a link to this video in the descriptionbelow.
When purchasing fertilizer or nutrients foryour plants make sure to avoid long release options.
When your plant switches from vegetative toflowering and requires a new nutrient composition this will become a problem.
Go to your local hydroponics store to pickup the proper solutions, or check out my website for some options.
Do consider organic fertilizers that are richin nitrogen, potassium and phosphorus, such as bat guano, fish meal, blood meal, bonemeal or kelp meal.
If you are just starting out, use a smallamount to begin with and slowly add more with time if it proves not to be enough.
It is much easier to add more than take itaway after the fact.
Track the weather and rain patterns for yourplant, but it is likely you will need to give them supplemental waterings on a regular basis.
Larger plants can guzzle water at an extraordinaryrate in the peak of summer heat.
In regularly hot, arid climates water yourplants in the morning so they have enough to get through the day.
In these conditions its worth consideringadding a water absorptive additive to your soil to help promote water retention and preventrunoff.
The opposite is true in rainy climates – youshould work to improve drainage by using raised beds, digging ditches that direct water awayfrom your garden and adding additives to your soil mixture such as gravel or perlite.
Don’t forget to test the pH of your watersource, and ensure there is not too much chlorine in your tap water which can kill microorganismsin the soil that are beneficial to your soil ecosystem.
One big thing to remember is NOT to overwateryour plants.
This is a typical mistake of most beginners.
Wait until the top 2 inches of soil is drybefore considering another watering.
Generally, mid range temperature climateswill demand a watering every second or third day, though once the plants get bigger thiswill become a daily chore for you.
The last consideration for your outdoor growis protection of your plants.
The main things you need to protect your plantsfrom extreme temperature fluctuations, rain, wind and pests.
Pay attention to forecasts and be preparedto bring your plants in if temperatures dip below 5 degrees Celsius or 40 degrees Fahrenheit.
Set up wind breaks beside your plants in thecase of a windy climate, or potential incoming storm.
Rain is beneficial for watering, though itis not beneficial for regular direct contact – especially during the flowering stage.
Regular exposure to rain can cause mold, mildewand bud rot.
Your best bet is to grow your plants in agreenhouse, or throw up a sheet or tarp when rain is incoming.
As far as pests, expect more on this topicin my upcoming videos of 2020.
Until then though, expect a pestering fromanything from mites to caterpillars to deer.
Keeping your plants healthy is the best solutionfor your smaller pests, and keeping your cannabis plants far from your fruit and veggie garden.
Pests can spread easily if kept too closeto your food garden.
Keep an eye out, be vigilant and look intoeither organic pesticides or beneficial insects that can be natural combatants, such as RoveBeetles.
So in Review, when growing cannabis outdoors, make sure you plant in spring, unless you plan to grow autoflowering strains – in whichcase it doesn’t matter when you start growing.
Keep plants indoors for the first few weeksbefore transplanting them outdoors.
Pay attention to temperature fluctuations.
Anything over 30 or under 12 degrees celsiuscan be damaging over long period of time, or during specifically vulnerable periodsof the plant life cycle.
Plants will need 4-6 hours of direct sunlighteach day, though the more the merrier.
Consider night time lighting patterns as well, especially during the flowering stage – as light pollution in cities can tamper withthe plants ability to properly enter the flowering stage.
Weigh the pros and cons of growing in theground vs pots, and prepare accordingly.
If you decide to grow in the ground, makesure to take into account backyard lighting patterns, wind patterns in your area and thevisibility of your garden.
Deciding which strain to grow should be yourbiggest consideration.
Some plants don’t bode well in certain climateswhile others will thrive.
It’s also a great benefit to grow autofloweringstrains as it eliminates a tricky variable.
Be sure to test and manage your soil and fertilizer, using the tips I give in my soil videos to provide the best environment for your plant’sroots.
Water and rain can wreak havoc on your plants, so track rain patterns in your area and protect your plants from potential mold, mildew andbud rot issues down the road.
Finally, protect your plants – especiallyfrom intruders and pests.
Keeping them in a greenhouse is a great idea, though if this is not an option look out for my video on pest control in the early newyear.
I hope you found this installment of my courseuseful.
For more cannabis related courses or recommendationson the best grow products out there, visit me at Indica Institute or subscribe to myYouTube channel.
If you have any comments or suggestions fora new video, be sure to join the discussion in the comment feed below.
Please like and share this video, and as always, thank you for listening!.